An exploratory computational analysis in mice brain networks of widespread epileptic seizure onset locations along with potential strategies for effective intervention and propagation control - CY Cergy Paris Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience Year : 2024

An exploratory computational analysis in mice brain networks of widespread epileptic seizure onset locations along with potential strategies for effective intervention and propagation control

Abstract

Mean-field models have been developed to replicate key features of epileptic seizure dynamics. However, the precise mechanisms and the role of the brain area responsible for seizure onset and propagation remain incompletely understood. In this study, we employ computational methods within The Virtual Brain framework and the Epileptor model to explore how the location and connectivity of an Epileptogenic Zone (EZ) in a mouse brain are related to focal seizures (seizures that start in one brain area and may or may not remain localized), with a specific focus on the hippocampal region known for its association with epileptic seizures. We then devise computational strategies to confine seizures (prevent widespread propagation), simulating medical-like treatments such as tissue resection and the application of an anti-seizure drugs or neurostimulation to suppress hyperexcitability. Through selectively removing (blocking) specific connections informed by the structural connectome and graph network measurements or by locally reducing outgoing connection weights of EZ areas, we demonstrate that seizures can be kept constrained around the EZ region. We successfully identified the minimal connections necessary to prevent widespread seizures, with a particular focus on minimizing surgical or medical intervention while simultaneously preserving the original structural connectivity and maximizing brain functionality.
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Licence : CC BY NC - Attribution - NonCommercial
Licence : CC BY NC - Attribution - NonCommercial

Dates and versions

hal-04361411 , version 1 (22-12-2023)
hal-04361411 , version 2 (26-02-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Juliette Courson, Mathias Quoy, Yulia Timofeeva, Thanos Manos. An exploratory computational analysis in mice brain networks of widespread epileptic seizure onset locations along with potential strategies for effective intervention and propagation control. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 2024, Advancing our Understanding of the Impact of Dynamics at Different Spatiotemporal Scales and Structure on Brain Synchronous Activity, Volume II, 18, pp.1360009. ⟨10.3389/fncom.2024.1360009⟩. ⟨hal-04361411v2⟩
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