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Journal Articles Journal of Development Economics Year : 2023

Education and polygamy: Evidence from Cameroon


Has secular education contributed to the decline of polygamy in Africa? To answer this question, we study a wave of public school construction in late-colonial Cameroon. Our difference-in-differences and event-study specifications show that school openings have simultaneously increased education and the chances to be in a polygamous union for men and, more surprisingly, for women. We estimate a structural model of marriage to explain why education made women more likely to be in a polygamous union. The main estimated channel is marriage to educated men who are more often polygamists than uneducated men, not direct preferences for polygamy.
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hal-04024207 , version 1 (03-10-2023)



Pierre André, Yannick Dupraz. Education and polygamy: Evidence from Cameroon. Journal of Development Economics, 2023, 162, pp.103068. ⟨10.1016/j.jdeveco.2023.103068⟩. ⟨hal-04024207⟩
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