Vitronectin (Vn) glycosylation patterned by lectin affinity assays-A potent glycoproteomic tool to discriminate plasma Vn from cancer ascites Vn - CY Cergy Paris Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Molecular Recognition Year : 2018

Vitronectin (Vn) glycosylation patterned by lectin affinity assays-A potent glycoproteomic tool to discriminate plasma Vn from cancer ascites Vn

Abstract

Abstract Changes in glycosylation have been associated with human cancer, but their complexity poses an analytical challenge. Ovarian cancer is a major cause of death in women because of an often late diagnosis. At least one‐third of patients presents ascites fluid at diagnosis, and almost all have ascites at recurrence. Vitronectin (Vn) is a multifunctional glycoprotein that is suggested to be implicated in ovarian cancer metastasis and is found within ascites. The present study evaluated the potential of using lectin affinity for characterizing the glycosylation pattern of Vn. Human Vn was purified from 1 sample of ovarian cancer ascites or a pool of plasma samples. Consistent findings were observed with both dot blot and lectin array assays. Based on a panel of 40 lectins, the lectin array revealed discriminant patterns of lectin binding to Vn glycans. Interestingly, almost all the highlighted interactions were found to be higher with Vn from ascites relative to the plasma counterpart. Also, the lectin array was able to discriminate profiles of lectin interactions (ConA, SNA‐I, PHA‐E, PHA‐L) between Vn samples that were not evident using dot blot, indicating its high sensitivity. The model of ConA binding during thermal unfolding of Vn confirmed the higher accessibility of mannosylated glycans in Vn from ascites as monitored by turbidimetry. Thus, this study demonstrated the usefulness of lectins and the lectin array as a glycoproteomic tool for high throughput and sensitive analysis of glycosylation patterns. Our data provide novel insights concerning Vn glycosylation patterns in clinical specimens, paving the way for further investigations regarding their functional impact and clinical interest.
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Dates and versions

hal-01927243 , version 1 (19-11-2018)

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Hamanou Benachour, J. Leroy-Dudal, Rémy Agniel, J. Wilson, M. Briand, et al.. Vitronectin (Vn) glycosylation patterned by lectin affinity assays-A potent glycoproteomic tool to discriminate plasma Vn from cancer ascites Vn. Journal of Molecular Recognition, 2018, 31 (5), ⟨10.1002/jmr.2690⟩. ⟨hal-01927243⟩
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